Head injuries are very common in Pennsylvania auto accidents, and they should not to be taken lightly. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is more than just a bump on the head. It can damage the blood vessels and tissue that make up your brain. This occurs when the impact of a crash causes your brain to hit the inner lining of your skull.
This type of head injury is common when a crash victim’s head hits the steering wheel, dashboard or windshield. TBIs are often caused by head-on collisions, rear-end accidents, T-bone accidents, and rollovers.
Types of TBIs
A TBI can be a closed-head injury with bruising and swelling, or it can be an open-head injury with bleeding. Both types of injuries are dangerous and require immediate medical attention after a crash. Failure to take prompt action can result in permanent brain damage, or even worse, a fatality.
TBIs range in severity. Sometimes crash victims can fully recover within a few weeks with treatment. In severe cases, the neurons in the brain never fully heal, leaving the crash victim with a lifetime of complications.
Common TBIs sustained in auto accidents include:
- Concussion: This type of TBI is the most common. Crash victims often make full recoveries when treated. However, severe concussions or repeated trauma to the head can cause permanent brain damage.
- Coup-contrecoup brain injury: A serious collision can cause the brain to slam against the opposite side of impact. This can result in severe brain trauma and loss of consciousness.
- Brain contusion: This type of TBI can happen in conjunction with a concussion, but results in bleeding under the skin and can require surgery.
- Diffuse axonal injury: This type of TBI is similar to a concussion, but can cause more damage to the brain.
- Second impact syndrome: Once you sustain a head injury, you may be at risk of sustaining a second one, especially if you haven’t made a full recovery.
- Penetrating injury: In an auto accident, sharp objects, debris, and parts of your vehicle could cause a penetrating head injury.
An attorney dedicated to helping injured crash victims
If you sustain a TBI in an auto accident caused by someone else’s negligence, you may be required to undergo months of treatment. The medical expenses from MRIs, CAT scans, surgery, and therapy can add up. Once you have finished treatment, you may never be the same again. Crash victims who suffer TBIs may face a lifetime of cognitive complications, depression, and trauma.